Football originated in the United States in the second half of the 19th century as a cross between soccer and rugby. In 1873, four colleges met in New York City and established the Intercollegiate Football Association, which set out to establish the first official rules for intercollegiate football.Continue Reading
In 1869, Princeton University and Rutgers University competed in what is considered the first formal college football game. Following the game, these two schools, along with Yale University and Columbia University, created the IFA. Among the initial rule adoptions, the schools agreed upon setting the number of players on each squad at 15. These rule changes would not stay long, as Yale's head coach, Walter Camp, lobbied successfully to reduce the number of players on each team to 11. By 1902, with Camp's leadership the IFA had also established that a team had three downs or chances to gain 10 yards or they would be forced to give up the football to the opposing team. Finally, in 1912, the fourth down was added, and the game took on a much more recognizable look to football of the modern period.
In 1892, the Pittsburgh Athletic Club competed against the Allegheny Athletic Association. William (Pudge) Heffelfinger, who played for the Allegheny squad, was paid $500. Due to the transaction, the game is considered to be the first professional football game in history.Learn more about American Football
Celebrity chef Gordon Ramsay played for the Glasgow Rangers, a profesional soccer team. He joined the team at age 15. However, he suffered a knee injury and was forced to retire from the sport in 1985 after three years with the club.Full Answer >
Football is one of the 21st century's most loved and hated sports, bringing communities together and at times, tearing them apart. Many people in different societies feel it promotes sexism, racism and violence, and fuels America's culture wars.Full Answer >
High school football began in the late 19th century, starting at the same time as a large number of college programs. During the late 19th and early 20th century, numerous college and high school teams played each other. As of 2015, football is one of the most popular interscholastic sports in the United States and Canada.Full Answer >
The USA Today Expert rankings of high school football teams in the United States are decided by members of the USA sportswriting staff, and are based on the teams' record, final results and quality of players. USA Today Computer rankings are calculated from a methodology invented by statistician Ken Massey, which takes numerous specific factors into account.Full Answer >