Most sporting events sanctioned by a governing body,such as college or professional sports, require an official scorekeeper whose responsibility is to collect the statistical data and the scoring of a sporting event. Typically the data can be recorded on a paper score card or an electronic device.
Most modern scorekeepers typically use an electronic device with software, such as The Automated Scorebook to record and transmit a sporting events data, although some still use a paper scorecard and pencil to accomplish the task. In some sports, the official scorekeeper has a similar authority to the sport's officials, referees, judges or umpires.
Patented sports technology allows data collected by scorekeepers at sporting events to be transferred in real time to a central database. This database can be accessed by either the public or subscribers, during or after an event. The device and collection method can be customized by the user for a specific sports requirements.
The data collected by scorekeepers can have a significant impact on an individual, a team or a sport. For example baseball, both collegiate and professional, is a sport that relies heavily on the statistical data collected to assess individual as well as a team's performance. The scorer of a baseball game makes statistical decisions by judging plays, including hits versus errors, that may not affect the game's outcome but do affect the overall assessment of performance