What Is a Browning Bolt Rifle?


Quick Answer

A Browning bolt rifle is a bolt-action rifle designed by the Browning Arms Company. The bolt is a long metal tube that encases the firing mechanism. The weapon is operated manually by opening and closing the breech or the barrel. After firing the rifle, the spent cartridge is ejected, and a new round takes its place. Once the bolt is closed, the weapon is ready to be fired.

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Full Answer

As of 2014, the A-Bolt II and X-Bolt are the two main bolt-action rifles offered by Browning. The A-Bolt II is a standard hunting rifle. It replaced the Browning BBR in 1984. It is popular due to its accuracy, cost and availability. There are two calibers of ammunition available for the A-Bolt II: the 7 mm Remington Magnum and .300 Winchester Magnum. The cartridges are housed in a steel magazine holding four rounds with an extra round in the chamber. The AB3 is the latest evolution in the line of A-Bolt rifles. It has many new features, such as an updated bolt and integrated trigger design as well as an advanced recoil pad and a relocated safety switch.

The X-Bolt shares many similarities with the AB3 but with a more compact design, a rotary fed magazine and a free-floated barrel. There are many variations of this weapon with four different barrel lengths, alternate stock and barrel colors, and models made for left-handed shooters. Depending on design, up to 17 different types of ammunition can be used with the X-Bolt from the .204 caliber. Bolt-action rifles are also used by sport shooting enthusiasts and military snipers. Other bolt-action rifles include the Winchester 70, the Mauser M 98 and the Zastava M07.

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