The Breeders' Cup Classic is a thoroughbred horse race run at various race tracks in the United States and Canada each year. The race is for 3-year-old horses or younger and features a 1 1/4-mile dirt track. The race has a $5 million purse as of 2015.
Horses in the race are winners of various Breeders' Cup challenges that occur throughout the year and automatic berth entrants from various races such as the Stephen Foster Handicap, run at Churchill Downs in Louisville, Kentucky, and the Pacific Classic, run at Del Mar Racetrack in San Diego, California. Berth entrants are automatically included in the Breeders' Cup Classic as "Win and You're In" qualifiers. Other qualifying races include the Whitney Handicap at the Saratoga Race Course in Saratoga, New York, Jockey Club Gold Cup at Belmont Park in Elmont, New York and The Gold Cup at Santa Anita, held each year at the Santa Anita Racetrack in Arcadia, California.
The race was first run in 1984 and features a pool of horses that make it hard to predict the winner. Because of this, one horse, Ghostzapper, won as a long shot in 2004, with $2 wagers taking home $269.20, which was a track record that has yet to be exceeded, as of 2015.