Ease of mobility, durability and thermal insulation are some of the benefits of neoprene chest waders. Neoprene is most commonly used for fishing in cold water or weather conditions where the current is either still or moving slowly. The material is easy to repair with a commonly available patch kit.
Though neoprene works well in cold conditions, it is not breathable, making it less comfortable for use in warmer weather or water. The amount of insulation protection from cold water is increased by the thickness of the neoprene used with common waders being constructed of material 2.5 millimeters to 5.5 millimeters in thickness. Thicker neoprene chest waders are available for arctic conditions, but the buoyant material can make movement awkward in swift currents.