The offense has four downs in order to make a first down. When an offense has achieved a first down inside the defensive 10-yard line, it has four downs to score. On fourth-and-goal, the offense has two play choices: run or pass for a touchdown or kick a field goal.
In the NFL, if the offense does not score on a run or pass, the ball is awarded to the defense where the fourth-down tackle was made. If a field goal is missed, the defense receives the ball at the 20-yard line or where the kick was taken, if it was kicked from beyond the 20.Learn more about American Football