Amborella trichopoda is believed to be the last living member of the oldest lineage of flowering plants dating back more than 140 million years. This shrub contains small flowers and is exclusively found on the Pacific tropical island of New Caledonia.
The genome of Amborella plays an important role in the scientific understanding of how angiosperms have evolved over history. Currently, over 250,000 species of flowering plants exist. The Amborella Genome Project is currently working to map out the Amborella sequence so scientists can better answer questions as to how and why flowering plants have come to occupy Earth today.