For home use, solar is usually easier to adopt than wind power since photovoltaic panels have no moving parts and require no special construction to install. Wind turbines must be mounted high enough to avoid interruptions in the wind, and may violate residential codes or generate noise complaints from neighbors.
One important thing to consider when choosing between wind or solar is the local climate and conditions. Solar panels can generate electricity anywhere the sun reaches them, but they are most effective in hot, dry areas that receive lots of intense solar radiation. Wind turbines, on the other hand, require sustained winds to generate cost-effective electricity, and are much less effective in areas with heavy tree cover or uneven land that disrupts wind patterns. If average wind speeds are less than 5 meters per second, solar panels generally provide a better value.
Maintaining a solar installation is usually easier than maintaining a wind turbine. The moving parts inside a wind turbine require regular maintenance and lubrication to prevent damage, and high winds can exceed the tolerance of the device and cause damage. Solar panels simply require periodic cleaning to remove dust and other debris that can block full solar energy conversion.