Water conservation, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, recycling, composting, changing the lightbulbs to energy efficient ones and making a home generally more energy efficient are actions that help save the Earth. Simple actions, such as turning off lights in unoccupied rooms and unplugging appliances when they are not in use, are also easy to implement and can make a big difference.
Water conservation in the home includes turning off the water when brushing teeth, fixing small leaks and having showers instead of baths. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions can be accomplished by leaving the car at home for at least two days a week, combining all errands into one trip, riding a bike or walking more and using a carpool or mass transit to get to work or school. If driving is essential, tires that are properly inflated reduce pollution, increase fuel economy and lower greenhouse gas emissions. Driving steadily with no sudden braking also saves gas.
Recycling and using products with lower volumes of packaging reduces waste; composting solid waste takes up less landfill space and produces a natural fertilizer. Compact fluorescent light bulbs use two-thirds less energy than standard light bulbs and last longer, and Energy Star products that meet EPA and U.S. Department of Energy guidelines for energy efficiency should be used. Air filters should always be kept clean in the home to provide efficient heating and cooling, and a programmable thermostat prevents energy from being wasted while a home is unoccupied.