Thermal pollution can be prevented by reducing mechanical friction in rotating parts used in the oceans or on land, avoiding using more energy than needed and by maximizing the efficiency of heat engines to reduce heat loss. Thermal pollution, which is simply created from waste heat, is dangerous to the environment and can alter the environment, according to Be Green to Live.
The effects of thermal pollution affect every living thing. Warm waters decrease the level of dissolved oxygen available to life in the waters of the planet. This can harm those creatures, which range from fish to copepods.
Thermal pollution can also lead to the increase in aquatic animals' metabolic rates and enzyme activity. That can cause food shortages, since the creatures will need to eat more often. Over time, this leads to a reduction in water life population and migration, which results in increased competition.
To control thermal pollution, people should make sure to maximize the efficiency of heat engines. When these engines reach an efficiency equal to 1.0, then it theoretically should convert all of its heat energy back into mechanical energy. That would mean that no extra heat would be produced into the environment.
Reducing mechanical friction can also help, since friction results in heat production. This also reduces the amount of carbon dioxide being released into the air, which can help stop the green house effect.
Because plants can absorb carbon dioxide, it's vital that more green plants are planted, so they can help absorb and reduce the cause of the growing heat in the atmosphere.