Some volcanos that have erupted since 2010 include Eyjafjallaj��kull in Iceland, which erupted in 2010 and Mount Merapi in Indonesia, which erupted between October and November of 2010. Other volcanoes that have erupted since 2010 include Nabro in Eritrea, which erupted on June 12, 2011, and Calbuco in Chile, which erupted on April 22, 2015, after being quiet for over 40 years.Continue Reading
Eyjafjallaj��kull was a fairly small eruption but ejected so much ash into the air that it disrupted air traffic across Europe for weeks.
The Mount Merapi eruption also sent plumes of ash into the air and caused lahars and pyroclastic flows. Lahars are slurries of mud and rock that rush down the sides of a volcano during an eruption, and pyroclastic flows are avalanches of hot ash, gas and rocks. Dangerous sulfur dioxide was one gas that was produced during the Mount Merapi eruption. Clouds of sulfur dioxide were seen over the Indian Ocean at heights of 40,000 to 50,000 feet after the eruption.
Nabro, a stratovolcano in east Africa, erupted in June 2011 after a swarm of earthquakes. This was the first time the volcano had erupted. Calbuco, another stratovolcano, also sent an ash plume 33,000 feet into the atmosphere, which like the eruption at Eyjafjallaj��kull, disrupted airlines. This eruption was followed by two smaller eruptions on April 24 and April 30.Learn more about Volcanoes