Examples of volcanoes found along divergent plate boundaries include Krafla Volcano in Iceland, as well as Erta Ale and Oldoinyo Lengai in Africa. The process of volcanic formation along divergent boundaries is called spreading center volcanism.
Plate boundaries are classified according to the type of plate movement that occurs in these areas. Divergent plate boundaries are regions where two adjacent plates move apart. The most prominent divergent boundaries are the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and the East African Rift Zone.
Krafla Volcano is situated in the northern section of Iceland, a volcanic country that traverses the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Erta Ale and Oldoinyo Lengai are located within the East African Rift Zone. These volcanoes are created due to rifting, where faults along the surface continue to widen and spread out. The magma that rises to fill the cracks erupt, which results to volcanic formation.