Visceral organ are large bodily organs located within the cavities of the torso. They are also known collectively as the viscera and are located within three major body cavities: the chest, the abdomen and the pelvis. The cavities in the chest and pelvis have special names, called thoracic and cervical.Continue Reading
The visceral organs of the thorax are protected by the ribs and sternum. They include the heart, which is centrally located high in the chest and slightly to the left, and the lungs, which are located behind the heart and almost fill the ribcage from left to right. Underneath the lungs is a sheet of muscle called the diaphragm, which divides the chest from the abdomen and forces air in and out of the lungs. Higher up, above the ribs, are the thyroid gland and the trachea. They are only partially protected via cartilage in the neck.
The visceral organs of the abdomen include the stomach, the large and small intestines, the pancreas, the kidneys, the appendix, the adrenal gland, the gall bladder, the liver, the spleen and the peritoneum. The peritoneum is a membrane that surrounds the other organs and provides them with structural support within the abdomen via the secretion of a liquid called serous fluid. Many of these organs are specialized for the digestion of food. No protective bone is present in the abdomen, although strong muscles and fat storage in this area does provide a buffer between these organs and the outside world.
The visceral organs of the cervix are protected by the pelvic bone, and many are specialized for reproduction or excretion of waste. They include the bladder, the ovaries and testicles, the uterus, and the rectum. Testicles are located within the pelvis at birth, until they descend into the scrotum at puberty.Learn more about Organs
Anatomical locations on the body that contain lymph nodes are the head and neck, the upper and lower torso, the arms, and the legs, according to InnerBody. The lymph nodes in the head and neck include the adenoids, lingual and palatine tonsils, and cervical nodes.Full Answer >
The major organ of the integumentary system, and the largest organ in the body, is the skin. The primary function of the skin is to help the body maintain homeostasis with its environment. The integumentary system is composed of the skin, hair, nails and exocrine glands.Full Answer >
The gallbladder, a small organ located in the abdomen, cannot grow back after it has been surgically removed. According to WebMD, the gallbladder is often removed due to gallstones, and it is possible to live comfortably without a gallbladder.Full Answer >
An anteverted uterus occurs when the female reproductive organ in which a baby develops tilts slightly forward toward the woman's bladder. An anteverted uterus is the more common positioning of this organ, with around 75 to 80 percent of women living with this type of alignment.Full Answer >