Venus, the second planet from the sun, is only a bit smaller than Earth. Venus was named after the Roman goddess of beauty and love and is the only one of the major planets named after a female deity.
Venus is the hottest planet in the solar system. It is so hot that life as humans understand it cannot exist there. Even though it is not the closest planet to the sun, its thick atmosphere traps the sun's heat, and temperatures can rise close to 900 degrees Fahrenheit. It is difficult to send probes into the Venetian atmosphere because they are quickly destroyed by the heat and the immense pressure. The surface pressure of the planet is 90 times stronger than Earth's.
Though the atmosphere of Venus is dry, it is cloaked in clouds made of sulfuric acid and carbon dioxide. The clouds contain only tiny amounts of water. This makes the surface of Venus difficult to see from Earth, but the way the sunlight bounces off the cloud cover makes the planet gleam and gives it its beauty. Venus is also unusual in that it rotates in the opposite direction from Earth and the other planets. Because of this, the sun rises in the west and sets in the east on Venus.