The organic compounds known as alkanes are used primarily as fuels, but their derivatives can be found in paints, plastics, cosmetics, cleaners and pharmaceuticals. The simplest alkanes are propane, methane, butane and ethane. These are all highly combustible and form carbon dioxide and water as they burn, which makes them useful as clean fuels.Continue Reading
Alkanes are hydrocarbons and consist only of carbon and hydrogen. The number of carbon atoms within an alkane determines its use. Propane, butane and methane, for example, are cooking and heating fuels, and are also used to generate electricity in some countries. Butane is used in disposable cigarette lighters. Under relatively low pressure, butane and propane can be liquified, and are then known as LPG, or liquid petroleum gas. These two alkanes are also used in aerosol sprays as propellants. Some alkanes with a higher number of atoms form the greater part of aviation and diesel fuel. These alkanes, however, possess higher melting points, which can cause the fuels to become too thick to use in cold climates such as the polar regions. Kerosene and gasoline are made from combinations of alkanes.
Larger alkanes work well as lubricating oils. Their hydrophobic nature prevents water from reaching the surface of metal parts, and they also have anti-corrosive properties. Polypropylene and polyethylene, synthetic polymers with numerous applications, are alkanes containing extremely long chains of carbon atoms.Learn more about Acids & Bases
Acids are used in industries to manufacture fertilizers, paints, dyes and man-made fibers, while bases are used in the production of fabrics, cleaning agents and paper. In nutrition, diluted acids are used to dress salads and vegetables, giving food a distinctive taste. For example, vinegar contains 3 percent acetic acid. Citrus fruits have citric acid. Aspirin contains acetylsalicylic acid, and wine has tartaric acid.Full Answer >
Significant quantities of acetic acid are found in paints, adhesives and solvents. Common household vinegar is diluted acetic acid. Medical uses of diluted acetic acid formulas include bladder irrigation, wound irrigation and the treatment of ear infections. Pure acetic acid, known as glacial acetic acid, is widely available. It is used as a solvent, chemical reagent, fungicide and herbicide.Full Answer >
Some toilet bowl cleaners contain hydrochloric acid, such as Lysol Brand Toilet Bowl Cleaner, Sno Drops Toilet Bowl Cleaner and Lime-A-Way Toilet Bowl Cleaner. Lysol Toilet Bowl Cleaner contains 9.5 percent hydrochloric acid, Sno Drops Toilet Bowl Cleaner contains 15 percent hydrochloric acid and Lime-A-Way Toilet Bowl Cleaner contains 14.5 percent hydrochloric acid.Full Answer >
Organic and inorganic acids are categorized by whether or not their conjugate bases are organic or inorganic compounds. Organic compounds are those that include both carbon and hydrogen atoms.Full Answer >