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What is urea synthesis?

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Urea synthesis is the process of making urea from inorganic starting materials. The process is also called the Bosch-Meiser urea process after its discoverers. Urea synthesis consists of two reactions. The first reaction is exothermic whereas the second reaction is endothermic.

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Full Answer

The first is the reaction of liquid ammonia and gaseous carbon dioxide, which results in the formation of ammonium carbamate. The second reaction is urea conversion, where ammonium carbamate decomposes into urea. Urea is an inorganic compound which is colorless, odorless and highly soluble in water. It is also nontoxic. These properties make it useful in many areas, for example as a stabilizer in explosive mixtures and as a constituent of medicinal preparations.

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