The standard unit of measure for force is called a newton. The measurement is named for Isaac Newton, who was one of the most important scientists of his era. There are other acceptable terms that can used when measuring force, which are referred to as the poundal and the dyne.
A newton is defined as the amount of force it take to move 1 kilogram at 1 meter per second. All of these measurements are called SI measurements or units. The SI abbreviation comes from the French name for the International System of Units, which is Systeme International d'Units. The International System of Units was an agreement between numerous countries, including the United States, which was signed in 1875.