Meiosis and mitosis are both forms of eukaryotic cell division. During meiosis, four daughter cells, with one half the number of chromosomes as the parent cell, are produced from one parent cell. During mitosis, two identical daughter cells are produced from a single dividing parent cell.
Meiosis is a special type of cell division that enables organisms to sexually reproduce, while mitosis allows multicellular organisms to grow and repair damaged tissue, explains Clinton Community College. Meiosis involves two division cycles, while mitosis only involves one cycle. Within meiosis I, homologous chromosomes become paired, and crossing-over occurs. Homologous pairs are separated, and the two resulting daughter cells have half as many chromosomes per cell. The two daughter cells produced from meiosis I enter meiosis II, where they each are divided again to produce a total of four haploid daughter cells.