The three main types of motions in physics are rotational, translational and vibrational. The vibrational type is also called oscillatory motion.
Vibrational motion occurs because of the vibration or oscillation of an object. For example, a spring tied to an object at one end and tied to a ceiling at the other end oscillates when it is compressed and released.
Translation motion refers to the movement of an object from one place to another. For example, a car moving on a road uses translation motion.
Rotational motion refers to an object's rotation, such as a table fan's rotating blades. At times, an object can experience one or more of the types of motions. For example, a ball sliding down an incline has both translational and rotational motions.