Q:

What type of chemical reaction is NH4OH equals NH3 plus H2O?

A:

Quick Answer

NH4OH=NH3+H2O is a decomposition chemical reaction. A decomposition-type reaction breaks one reactant into two or more products. In this case, ammonium hydroxide releases ammonia gas and water vapor when heated.

Continue Reading

Full Answer

Ammonia hydroxide is also called alcali volatil or aqueous ammonia. It forms as a clear, colorless liquid with a pungent odor when ammonia gas dissolves in water.

Ammonia hydroxide requires care when used as a household cleaner. In concentrated form, it can burn skin on contact. When mixed with bleach, a mistake many people make, it releases chloramine vapor. Chloramine is a chemical warfare agent that was used in World War I because of its ability to collect in trenches and suffocate soldiers. If high enough concentrations of ammonia vapor are released when the bleach and aqueous ammonia are mixed, hydrazine may form and explode. Even if hydrazine doesn't explode, it can spray boiling liquid that is harmful to eyes and skin.

Ammonia hydroxide kills bacteria and leavens baked goods in commercial food production. It has a role in the manufacturing of fertilizer, plastic, rayon and rubber. Scientists have recently discovered that fuming ammonia hydroxide with cyanoacrylate, the main ingredient in superglues, produces nano-spheres that have medical applications in micro-filtering and drug delivery.

Learn more about Chemical Equations

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What compound does is NH4 OH + H2 SO4 produce?

    A:

    The reaction of NH4OH + H2SO4 produces ammonium sulfate and water, written as (NH4)2SO4 + H2O. N is the chemical symbol for nitrogen, H is the chemical symbol for hydrogen, O is the chemical symbol for oxygen and S is the chemical symbol for sulfur.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    How do you calculate the Ka of HC2H3O2?

    A:

    The Ka of HC2H3O2 is found by calculating the concentrations of the reactants and products when the solution ionizes and then dividing the concentrations of the products multiplied together over the concentration of the reactant. For HC2H3O2, the formula for Ka is Ka = [H3O+][C2H3O2]/[HC2H3O2].

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the equation for the chemical reaction between AgCl and NH3?

    A:

    The reaction between silver chloride and ammonia is written as follows: AgCl+NH3↔[Ag(NH3)2]++Cl-. The silver chloride used for this reaction is solid, while the ammonia and the two resulting compounds are in aqueous form. This reaction demonstrates that the silver(I) chloride precipitate is soluble in aqueous ammonia.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is H2O2?

    A:

    H2O2 is commonly known as hydrogen peroxide. It is named hydrogen peroxide because it is composed of hydrogen, H, and a peroxide group, O2. Hydrogen peroxide decomposes into water, H2O and oxygen gas, O2, when it is heated.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore