Q:

What type of cells undergo meiosis?

A:

Quick Answer

Germ cells, which are diploid, undergo meiosis to produce haploid gametes. A gamete is a cell that fuses with another to form a zygote, which develops into an embryo. Female gametes are called eggs, while male gametes are known as sperm.

Continue Reading
What type of cells undergo meiosis?
Credit: Garry DeLong Oxford Scientific Getty Images

Full Answer

Sexual reproduction creates genetic variation in two ways: by shuffling together the chromosomes of parents, which happens during fertilization, and by recombining the genes on the chromosomes themselves, which happens during meiosis. Meiosis has two phases: I and II. In meiosis I, the germ cell's DNA recombines and produces two diploid daughter cells. In meiosis II, those diploid daughter cells divide to produce four haploid cells in total.

Learn more about Cells

Related Questions

  • Q:

    What are the main results of meiosis?

    A:

    When cells undergo meiosis, the main result is the creation of sex cells called gametes. Male organisms produce sperm via the process of meiosis, while female organisms produce ova cells. In some species, individuals possess the capability of producing both sperm and egg cells via meiosis.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What cells undergo meiosis?

    A:

    Germ cells undergo meiosis. Germ cells are found in the male and female gonads and form sperm and eggs. Meiosis produces haploid gametes, which contain only one set of chromosomes, instead of diploid somatic cells, which contain two.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the difference between mitosis and meiosis?

    A:

    Mitosis is the process where one cell divides into two cells with the same number of chromosomes as the original cell, while meiosis is the process where one cell divides into four cells with half the number of chromosomes as the original cell. The processes have very similar steps. In humans, all cells undergo mitosis except the gametes, which undergo meiosis.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:
  • Q:

    What is the final result of meiosis?

    A:

    The final result of meiosis is haploid daughter cells that have 23 chromosomes each. These haploid daughter cells may act as gametes during sexual reproduction. This includes sperm and oocytes, which can later fuse together to form a zygote.

    Full Answer >
    Filed Under:

Explore