What Are the Two Main Stages of Eukaryotic Cell Division?

The two main stages of eukaryotic cell division are mitosis and cytokinesis. Mitosis refers to the division of the cell's nucleus while cytokinesis is the division of the cell's cytoplasm.

Prior to cell division, the cell undergoes another stage called interphase. During this stage, DNA replication, protein production and organelle proliferation occur. Cell division begins with prophase, which is the first phase of mitosis. It is then followed by metaphase, anaphase and telophase. At the end of telophase, a nuclear membrane forms around the diploid daughter chromosomes, which are now located at polar opposites of the cell. During cytokinesis, the daughter chromosomes become individual diploid daughter cells.