Two examples of landforms created by rivers are river terraces and valleys. Landforms created by rivers are classified into two types: depositional and erosional. Depositional landforms include river terraces, deltas, floodplains and alluvial fans; erosional landforms include valleys, canyons and badlands.
Rivers create landforms when their waters move over the Earth's surface. Landforms are found in a variety of climates, including humid, very wet, semiarid and subhumid. Studying and monitoring how water shapes and affects the Earth is important for many practical applications, including flood management and river conservation, as well as in the creation of infrastructure, such as railways and highways.