Sodium and chlorine are the two elements that make up table salt. When the two elements are compounded, they make up sodium chloride, which is the scientific name for table salt.
Sodium was first isolated in 1807, and it is used in more than just table salt; it is also used in the creation of glass and paper. The element is also commonly used in many fertilizers. The chemical symbol for sodium chloride in NaCl. Sodium is a member of the alkali metal family, and in its purest form, sodium is a silver color that will float if placed in metal.