Two types of habitats in a prairie ecosystem are the tallgrass and shortgrass habitats. They differ in terms of annual precipitation, the types of grasses and the grazing habits of animals that live in them.
The tallgrass prairie receives more precipitation than the shortgrass prairie does, up to 30 to 40 inches versus 15 to 25 inches. Tallgrass prairies have plants that grow up to 10 feet tall, while shortgrass prairies have plants that grow, on average, 10 inches tall. Tallgrass prairies are known for bluestem and switchgrass, while shortgrass areas are known for grama and buffalo grass. Grazing is suitable in the taillgrass region in the spring and summer. Shortgrass regions provide suitable grazing environments year-round.