Tundra vegetation is the plants that grow in regions with extremely cold temperatures year-round. There are two main types of tundra, the arctic and alpine tundra. These two tundras are home to similar types of small shrubs, grasses and mosses.Continue Reading
Tundra is a specific type of biome, or world habitat, and it is characterized by freezing temperatures and treeless landscapes. The arctic tundra is located between the North Pole and the taiga region, and it remains frozen throughout the entire year. Vegetation in the arctic tundra must be able to survive months of continuous darkness in the winter and grow only for brief periods of time when the sun comes out in the summer. For this reason, plants in the arctic tundra are generally short. Small shrubs and grasses are common, as are lichens, mosses and perennial ferns. These have shallow roots, since they are unable to drive deep roots through the hard, frozen soil.
The alpine tundra is found throughout the world at high elevations. Examples of alpine tundra are the tops of the Himalayan Mountains in Southern Asia and the Andes Mountains in South America. Because these areas do not experience the same weeks-long darkness as arctic tundra regions, vegetation does not have to be quite as hardy. Short shrubs and grasses are still the main types of vegetation, but a wider variety of species are able to survive these harsh conditions.Learn more about Botany
Natural vegetation in Italy consists of numerous conifer species, deciduous forests, sclerophyllous forests and plants such as orchids, juniper, olive, myrtle, bay leaf plants and oleander. Vegetation varies across Italy, ranging from evergreen-laden forests in the mountainous northern region to smaller shrubs and plants in the warmer Mediterranean climate of southern Italy. Mountains in the northern and central regions of Italy also serve as habitat to a variety of orchids, boasting the highest number of orchid species in the world.Full Answer >
Canada has seven vegetation zones including tundra, west coast forest, cordilleran vegetation, boreal and taiga forest, grassland, mixed forest and deciduous forest. Vegetation regions are characterized by similar plant life as determined by climate and other factors, such as geology, soil composition and erosion. The boreal forest region is the largest in Canada, followed by the Arctic tundra region.Full Answer >
Russian vegetation is divided into six groups: arctic desert, taiga, tundra, wooded steppe, steppe and mixed and deciduous forest. Taiga regions are the largest zones, and these areas hold the largest number of timber trees in the world. Coniferous forests in this area are divided into alder, birch and willow varieties. Swamps and peat bog exist in regions where drainage is poor.Full Answer >
Cryptococcus gattii is a fungus found in the soil in the warmer regions of the Earth. It's also associated with eucalyptus and other types of trees. As of 1999, it's been found in British Columbia and the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.Full Answer >