Q:

Where do tsunamis hit?

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Quick Answer

The majority of tsunamis occur in the Pacific Ocean in an area commonly known as the "Ring of Fire." The Ring of Fire has a high level of seismic activity that often triggers volcanoes, earthquakes and tsunamis.

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Full Answer

A tsunami is a series of powerful waves that sends surges of water as high as 100 feet onto land. Approximately 75 percent of tsunamis are caused by earthquakes under the ocean that create major changes to the ocean floor. Sometimes tsunamis are caused by landslides, volcanoes and possibly even asteroids. Tsunamis race so quickly across the sea that they can cross the entire Pacific Ocean in one day.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    Where do tsunamis mostly occur?

    A:

    Most tsunamis occur in the Pacific Ocean along the Ring of Fire. Up to 80 percent of tsunamis occur within this geologically active area. Earthquakes and volcanoes are common and cause tectonic shifts that result in tsunamis.

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  • Q:

    How do tsunamis start?

    A:

    Tsunamis start from any large, sudden displacement of water. This includes earthquakes, landslides, volcanic eruptions and the breaking of coastal ice, such as in glaciers or icebergs. Rarely, a large body from space, such as a meteorite, can cause a tsunami.

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  • Q:

    When do tsunamis happen?

    A:

    Tsunamis happen when earthquakes, landslides or volcanic eruptions disturb the ocean floor. Most tsunamis occur when there are earthquakes at tectonic plate boundaries. When the ocean floor at the boundary rises or falls, it moves the water above and creates the huge waves that become tsunamis.

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  • Q:

    How do tsunamis happen?

    A:

    According to National Geographic, tsunamis are caused by underwater landslides, volcanic eruptions or the impact of large meteorites falling into the ocean. About 80 percent of all tsunamis happen within the Pacific Ocean's "Ring of Fire:" a geologically active area where tectonic shifts make volcanoes and earthquakes common.

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