There are many different species of trees with shallow root systems, including cottonwood, beech, birch, poplar and several types of maple. Many shallow root systems are considered invasive, as they grow quite quickly, such as willows and spruces.Continue Reading
In addition to spruce trees, most other evergreens also have very shallow roots systems, as they have adapted to live in very shallow soil that is often mostly devoid of nutrients. The soil is generally very acidic due to the large amounts of decaying pine needles, meaning almost no other life can grow near an evergreen.
Sugar maple, Norway maple and silver maple all have extremely shallow roots, especially silver maples, which often have large, exposed roots well above the ground level. This makes it difficult to nearly impossible for grass or other plants to live underneath a silver maple tree.
Cottonwoods, aspens and poplars don't just have shallow roots, but also huge root systems that spread out over a great distance. The roots of these trees are incredibly aggressive and can cause extensive damage to anything they encounter, which is why they should never be planted near homes or other buildings. There are also a number of hybrid poplar species that have been crossbred to grow incredibly quickly, but can wreak havoc on their surroundings during their short lifespan.Learn more about Botany
Types of birch include crimson frost birch, European white birch, Heritage River birch, white-barked Himalayan birch and paper birch. Crimson frost birch received its name due to its deep burgundy-red leaves that turn from crimson to orange-yellow in fall.Full Answer >
The red maple, cottonwood and river birch are all trees native to Illinois. Illinois has over 20 species of oak trees, including the white oak, which is the state's official tree. Nineteen percent of Illinois's original forests remain intact and native trees grow extensively throughout the state's two natural forest preserves and 142 state parks.Full Answer >
Some fast-growing shade trees includes hybrid poplar, red maple, American sycamore, Leyland cypress and river birch. These trees will not only provide quick shady retreat, but also furnish a display that will add visual interest to home landscaping, as stated by the Arbor Day Foundation.Full Answer >
One adaptation that oak trees exhibit is very deep root systems, which help them find water. This is especially useful in a habitat that's prone to drought. The leaves of many oaks are thick and have small stomata, which reduces the rate of evaporation and water use.Full Answer >