Spruces, hemlocks, pines, larches and firs are examples of coniferous trees present in the taiga coniferous forests. The trees in Taiga biome are mainly coniferous and deciduous. Coniferous trees are trees that produce cones and needles, while deciduous trees shed their leaves seasonally.
The taiga biome features long, cold winters and short, warm summers. It covers areas of North America, northern Europe and Asia. Taiga biome, located below the tundra biome, is the largest terrestrial biome in the world. As of 2015, large sections of this biome have permafrost.
The coniferous forests of Taiga biome grow in swampy regions. Coniferous forests exist in the northern and southern hemisphere, though more of this vegetation cover is in the former. Coniferous forests tend to stay green throughout the year regardless of the season. The trees in the forests have adaptations that allow them to survive through the long, cold winters and short, warm summers. The soil of Taiga biome tends to be poor in nutrients.
The taiga biome is home to animals such as the bobcat, gray wolf, grizzly bear and red fox. These animals have specialized adaptations that enable them to handle the seasons of the taiga biome. Different bird species also have nesting grounds in this biome.