Oregon's most important natural resources are farmland, forests and waters. The state produces cattle, vegetables, nursery stock, fruits and nuts, dairy products, and wheat. Oregon's forests produce lumber, paper and other wood products, although environmental regulations have reduced timber production from former levels.
From 1989 to 2011, the amount of timber harvested from federal lands in Oregon dropped about 90 percent, although the state still leads in softwood timber production. Oregon's Pacific coastline and rivers provide salmon, albacore tuna, crab, ground fish, shrimp and whiting. The mining industry produces sand and gravel for roadbeds, plus pumice stone, clays, diatomite, gold and semiprecious gems. Oregon is a recognized leader in efforts to protect its environment and natural resources while balancing economic interests.