Tips for conserving water within the home include only running dishwashers and washing machines that are fully loaded, repairing leaking faucets and installing high-efficiency shower heads. Other tips include taking shorter showers, insulating water pipes and turning off the faucet after wetting a toothbrush. Water conservation can lower utility bills, reduce water pollution and extend the life of a septic system.
Placing plastic water bottles filled with sand or pebbles inside of a toilet tank can reduce the amount of water used with each flush. Installation of an adjustable toilet flapper can also cut down on water use. Other ways to conserve water include using drought-resistant plants for outdoor landscaping and placing a layer of mulch around trees and shrubs. Clean driveways and porches using a broom rather than a hose.
When watering a lawn or garden, use enough water to ensure moisture soaks down to the roots, as lesser amounts may evaporate too quickly. Early morning is the best time of day to water plants because lower temperatures reduce the volume of water lost through evaporation. Try to avoid watering on windy days, as wind may disperse water droplets and speed evaporation. Clean cars using a bucket of soapy water -- using the hose only to rinse a vehicle saves significant quantities of water.