Tin is an element that is made up of the mineral cassiterite and mined from the crust of the earth. The combination of cassiterite and carbon in a high heat setting forms the type of tin that is used in modern applications.Continue Reading
There are many modern uses for tin that don't include the typical tin can, which is not a tin can at all. Tin cans are actually made of steel and are coated with tin to help keep them from rusting. The tin forms a protective layer around the steel without compromising its integrity.
Tin is commonly used to make windows. The material can be melted down to liquid form where glass can be poured into the mixture. When the mixture cools, the glass separates from the tin and forms a nearly perfect, parallel-structured window pane. These windows are ideal because they are easy to see through and generally do not have any imperfections.
There are not many applications of tin that do not involve the mixture of other metals. Tin can be mixed with copper to make bronze and can be mixed with lead to make pewter. These applications can make everything from ultra-strong metal fittings to conductive metals that aid in the wiring of electricity.Learn more about Chemistry
More than 90 percent of the mineral composition of the Earth's crust is composed of silicate minerals. These silicate minerals differ with each specific compound, as each compound is composed of different elements to form the types of rock that constitute the Earth's crust.Full Answer >
The most abundant element in the Earth's crust is oxygen, which makes up almost half or 46 percent of the mass of the Earth's crust. Oxygen is also the third most plentiful element in the universe and occupies about 21 percent of the planets atmosphere. The element oxygen is capable of combining with most elements and is a highly reactive non-metal gas at room temperature.Full Answer >
The majority of tin is mined using bucket-line dredging. In this mining method, an endless chain of buckets transports the soil that contains the tin from the excavation site to the area where it is washed and roughly concentrated.Full Answer >
Tin belongs to the carbon family, which is group 14 on the periodic table. In addition to carbon and tin, the other elements in this family are germanium, lead and silicon.Full Answer >