Time-space convergence refers to a set of processes that decreases the travel time or cost between distant locations. The concept of time-space convergence utilizes innovations in telecommunications and transport to shrink space.
This convergence concept studies the evolving relationship between time and space, specifically how technological advancements in communication and transportation impact the relationship. Time-space convergence is aligned with the concept of speed, which indicates the amount of distance that is travelled over a specified time period.
Time-space convergence is measured using travel time information for at least two locations and two time periods. Through technological advancements in communications and transport, the cost, time and effort expended to reach distant locations shrinks considerably. The extent of the merger of space and time depends upon available technologies.
For example, space-adjusting technologies, such as the telephone, bolster time-space convergence by enabling people in distant locations to communicate instantly. The introduction of the cellular phone further expanded on time-space convergence by eliminating additional space-based communication barriers. Evolving technologies as they relate to time-space convergence are crucial when considering changes in social structure, culture and transit.
As distances decrease, communication becomes more fluid and the geography between two ideas, people or groups can be more quickly traversed.