Three methods of soil conservation include the prevention of soil erosion, reducing tillage and rotational grazing to prevent overgrazing. Soil conservation and water conservation are achieved simultaneously and go hand-in-hand.
Soil erosion is a leading issue to consider when maintaining healthy soil, either for farming practices or sustaining livestock. Wind and water runoff can cause soil erosion, and it is therefore important to ensure that grass and plant life are abundant and no physical or chemical degradation occurs.
Tillage can negatively affect soil when crops are not properly rotated or when nutrients are not properly released back into the soil, causing the soil to become compacted. By rotating crop cycles and recycling nutrients back into the soil, tillage can be delayed or avoided.
Rotational grazing can also prevent soil erosion by eliminating or decreasing the risk of overgrazing in one area. Giving livestock access to open pastures can also help.
Other important factors to consider involve water conservation and proper irrigation techniques. This can include mulching, irrigation scheduling, nutrient monitoring and nutrient management. Nutrient management can ensure that soil contains the proper elements to allow for optimal absorption of water, either from rainfall or man-made irrigation.