The three main types of volcanoes are composite, shield and cinder cone volcanoes. Each type of volcano is formed a different way and possesses specific characteristics indicative of its type.Continue Reading
Composite volcanoes, also called stratovolcanoes, consist of lava flows that are mixed with sandy layers of volcanic rock. These large volcanoes span tens of miles in diameter and tower thousands of feet high, but they have small craters at their summits.
Cinder cone volcanoes are made mainly of cinders, small grainy pieces of volcanic rock; these volcanoes don't have much lava. Cinder cones are smaller volcanoes, usually a thousand feet in height and measuring a mile across.
The largest volcanoes are the shield volcanoes, which reach hundreds of miles in diameter and thousands of feet in height. The islands of Hawaii are actually shield volcanoes lying in the ocean. Shield volcanoes are comprised mainly of frozen lava and have large summit craters.Learn more about Volcanoes
The Hawaiian Islands contain two main types of volcanoes: shield volcanoes, which have formed the bulk of the islands, and cinder cones, which are smaller in size. Several volcanoes fall into the subclass of cinder cone volcanoes known as tuff cone volcanoes.Full Answer >
Mount Fuji is a classic cinder cone, built up by a stratovolcano. The mountain is notable for its symmetrical cone-shaped profile, which is characteristic of stratovolcanoes that have not erupted laterally. Oregon State University notes that Mount Fuji has erupted over 16 times.Full Answer >
Paricutin is considered to be a scoria, or cinder, cone volcano. It stands at a height of 9,186 feet above sea level and has a lava field that covers an area of 10 square miles around it. As of 2014, it is the youngest Western Hemisphere-based volcano.Full Answer >
Including the volcanoes themselves, the major landforms volcanoes create include shield volcanoes, stratovolcanoes or composite volcanoes, maars, cinder or tephra cones, volcanic or lava domes, craters, calderas, geysers, hot springs, resurgent domes, flood basalts and plateau basalts. Many of these landforms have significant impacts on ecosystems, according to Tulane University.Full Answer >