Sucrose has nine stereocenters, as well as one isomer, and can be hydrolysed into glucose and fructose. The hydrolysis reaction is typically slow but can be accelerated by the addition of the enzyme sucrase.
A stereocenter is an atom with chemical groups linked to it such that a stereoisomer is formed when any two groups exchange their position. Stereoisomers have the same molecular formula and the same sequence of bonded atoms, but differ in the three-dimensional orientation of their constituent atoms in space. Isomers have the same molecular formula but different chemical structures. The hydrolysis of sucrose involves the breaking of the glycosidic bond between the reducing ends of glucose and fructose.