What Are Some Temperate Woodland and Shrubland Plants?

Trees found in temperate woodlands and shrublands include ash, oak and birch trees; other plant life found in such areas include bluebell, oxlip and primrose flowers, along with sage, thyme and rosemary herbs. Various mosses and grasses are also abundant in these areas.

Broadleaf trees and wildflowers are common in temperate woodlands or deciduous forests. For example, the oak tree is considered the U.S. national tree because it is widely found in America’s deciduous forests. There are many different types of oak trees, including the scarlet oak, the white oak, the live oak, the sawtooth oak and the pin oak.

Woodlands are also populated with wildflowers, including primrose and bluebells. Bluebells have delicate blue or violet trumpet-shaped flowers. Carpet moss, lady fern and mushrooms are also found in woodlands. The moss covers the ground in a thick, lush layer, and reproduces by dropping spores onto the ground, which then develop into more moss.

Vegetation found in temperate shrublands includes herbs, shrubs, grasses and acacia trees that are adapted to dry conditions. For instance, the shrubs often have stunted growth and can live on little water, and may be found on rocky slopes. The aromatic herb plants have thinner, needle-like leaves, as well as a waxy coating that require less water.