During the hydrolysis of sucrose, sucrose forms a 1:1 mixture of glucose and fructose. In honey, this mixture of glucose and fructose is the primary ingredient.
The hydrolysis of sucrose is sometimes referred to as an invert sugar because the angle of the polarized light changes from a positive value to a negative value with the optical isomers present in the sucrose sugars (fructose and glucose). In the hydrolysis process, sucrose is broken down by a water molecule, which separates the H from the water to add to the oxygen on the glucose by breaking the acetal bond first.
Sucrose, known as table sugar, comes from sugar beets and sugar canes. The chemical diagram of glucose and fructose has two rings: a ring of sex glucose elements and a ring of five fructose elements. Sucrose is a carbohydrate that is found naturally in fruits and vegetables. It is created by plants during photosynthesis. The sugar is often part of human food consumption and is also found in the sugar by processing the sugar in the sugar beets and sugar canes. This processing leads to the table sugar that many people enjoy.