The major symptoms of air pockets in the lungs are shortness of breath and difficulty breathing, according to WebMD. Air trapped in these air pockets make it difficult to breathe out, which makes the lungs and diaphragm work harder, and breathing becomes increasingly difficult with advanced emphysema.Know More
These air pockets form after the lining between air sacs is destroyed due to years of smoking. Patients often feel breathless during routine activities because the muscles responsible for breathing tire out more quickly as they try to expel larger volumes of air. Shortness of breath is the most common symptom of emphysema, notes WebMD. Wheezing, coughing and chest tightness may also occur with this disease.
Stages of emphysema are measured by forceful expiratory volume, which is the amount of air a patient can exhale in one second. The mildest stage of emphysema has an FEV of 80 percent or greater of the normal value. The worst stage of emphysema is less than 30 percent of normal FEV. Air trapped in pockets makes it more difficult for patients to forcefully exhale, explains WebMD. When more air pockets form, lung function gets worse.
Emphysema is one of several lung diseases known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and smoking is the leading cause of emphysema. Tiny alveoli in the lungs rupture after years of smoking, creating progressively larger air pockets, which, in turn, reduce the amount of oxygen taken to the body's vital organs, notes Mayo Clinic.Learn more about Organs
Some of the symptoms of a blood clot in the lungs may include shortness of breath, coughing, heart palpitation, profuse sweating and fainting. Blood clots in the lungs can lead to development of a condition called pulmonary embolism, according to WebMD.Full Answer >
A blood clot in the lungs, or pulmonary embolism, can cause chest pain, shortness of breath and a bloody cough, explains WebMD. A clot left untreated could cause pleural effusion, which is a build-up of fluid in the cavity around the lungs, or a pulmonary infarction, which is tissue death in the lung. Multiple pulmonary embolisms can drastically reduce blood flow in the lungs and heart, which can eventually lead to heart failure or death.Full Answer >
If Haemophilus influenzae Type B disease leads to pneumonia, or an inflammation and infection of the lungs, the symptoms are fever, chills, extreme fatigue, cough, and shortness of breath, says the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Other symptoms are chest pain when the patient breathes, sweating, headache and muscle pain. Older patients may not have a fever but may actually see their temperature go down.Full Answer >
Although symptoms of anxiety vary based on the type of anxiety disorder being experienced, anxiety usually manifests as feelings of fear, uneasiness or panic; problems falling asleep or staying asleep; sweaty hands and feet; breathing difficulty and shortness of breath; and an inability to be calm or still, according to WebMD. Dizziness, muscle tension, nausea and tingling or numbness in the feet or hands are also symptoms of anxiety.Full Answer >