As Jupiter is a gas planet, it does not have a surface. However, a region of gas that has a similar pressure to Earth's surface is considered by scientists to be Jupiter's surface. At this region, the planet's temperature ranges from between minus 150 to minus 260 degrees Fahrenheit.
The temperature of Jupiter increases exponentially at its core due to the planet's pressure. At the core, the temperature of the planet can reach up to 43,000 F. On the other extreme, the topmost layer of Jupiter's atmosphere, which is approximately 600 miles above its surface region, can have temperatures as high as 1,340 F.