Carbonated water, the water-sugar solution used for making rock candy and rain clouds are all examples of supersaturated solutions. Supersaturated solutions consist of an over-abundance of solvents in liquids or gases compared to what can be dissolved within normal conditions.Continue Reading
When some liquids are heated or cooled, larger amounts of solvents can be dissolved. However when the temperature returns to normal, excess solvents crystallize and precipitate downward in the solution.
A closed container of completely purified water cooled below the freezing point can stay in liquid form if no mineral or gas particles are introduced. The water is supersaturated with dissolved ice crystals, but it is the introduction of additional particles that triggers the conversion to crystal formLearn more about Solutions & Mixtures
An example of solubility is the fact that sugar is very soluble in water. However, in another liquid, such as methyl alcohol, it is only somewhat soluble.Full Answer >
Unsaturated solutions are solutions that contain less solute than the actual amount of solute that the solvent can dissolve. If more solutes can be dissolved in the solution, the solution is still considered unsaturated. Every solute and solvent combination has its limit, and once this limit is reached, the substance is in a state that is called the saturation point.Full Answer >
Air is an example of a gas-gas solution, or a solution in which a gaseous solute is dissolved in a gaseous solvent. Air is comprised of multiple gases.Full Answer >
A solute is a substance which is dissolved in a solvent to make a solution; a common example is sugar. Sugar added to water, which is the solvent in this case, dissolves into sugar water.Full Answer >