The word sun comes from the Old English word "sunne," which derives from the Proto-Germanic word "sunnon." There are many cognates in other languages such as the Dutch word "zon" and the German "sonne," but no one knows for sure how the word came to be used. It probably derives ultimately from the Latin name for the sun, "sol."Continue Reading
The ancient Greeks called the sun Helios, which was also the name of their god of the sun. The Greek name is still used in words such as heliotropic and heliocentric, but the more commonly used root name for the sun is the Latin word sol, from which comes the words solar, solarium and solstice.
Given the prominence of the sun in the sky, it is not surprising that most mythologies include a sun god. The Egyptians called him Ra or Re. To the Hindus he was Surya. To the Mesopotamians he was Utu or Shamash. The Celts called him Lugh. While most mythologies pictured the sun as a masculine god, the Japanese and the Hittites worshipped female solar deities. To the Japanese she was Amaterasu, while the Hittites called her Arinna or Hebat.Learn more about Our Sun
The sun's mass is estimated to be 1.989 times 10E30 kilograms, about the equivalent of 333,000 Earths, and has a diameter of about 864,938 miles. About 99.8 percent of the entire mass of the solar system is contained within the sun.Full Answer >
On average, the sun is 92,960,000 miles from Earth. The Earth has an elliptical orbit, so this distance varies. At the closest point of its orbit, called perihelion, Earth is 91,000,000 miles from the sun. At aphelion, the furthest Earth gets from the sun, they are 91,402,500 miles apart.Full Answer >
Scientists expect the sun to burn for another 5 billion years. However, just because the sun continues to burn does not mean that Earth necessarily remains habitable.Full Answer >
The sun does rotate, but the parts of the sun don't rotate at the same rate. This happens because the sun is composed of gas.Full Answer >