The study of rocks is known as geology. Scientists who study rocks are known as geologists. There are several subdivisions of geology, with different designations for researchers who study the individual disciplines.
Several types of solid Earth structures are included in the field of geology. Mineralogists are scientists who study minerals. Petrologists are researchers who study rocks. The study of plate tectonics is done by structural geologists. Palaeontologists study the fossils present in solid earth. Stratigraphers study how layers of sedimentary rocks have formed over the years. The effects of ice, wind and water on the shape of landforms is studied by geomorphologists.