Q:

What are the structures responsible for cell transport?

A:

Quick Answer

There are three bodies responsible for transport in the cell including the endoplasmic reticulum, the vesicles and the cell membrane. The endoplasmic reticulum moves materials within the cell body, while the vesicles move proteins to the cell membrane, and the membrane transports materials in and out of the cell.

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Full Answer

While the endoplasmic reticulum's primary function is transportation, vesicles are also responsible for storing and moving proteins created in the Golgi body to the cell membrane. The cell membrane transports materials into and out of the cell both actively and passively. For example, water is passively transported into the cell by the cell membrane.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What is the function of endoplasmic reticulum?

    A:

    In addition to other jobs, the endoplasmic reticulum creates and folds proteins and then carries these synthesized substances to the Golgi apparatus via the vesicles. The endoplasmic reticulum also executes sorting activities for the cell's proteins. However, the precise duties carried out by the endoplasmic reticulum vary by both species and cell type.

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  • Q:

    What are the two basic types of active transport?

    A:

    The two basic types of active transport that take place when molecules and other larger materials cross cell membranes are active transport using pumps and active transport using vesicles. Pumps are proteins that push or pull molecules through the cell membrane by making use of cellular energy which is stored in the form of adenosine triphosphate, or ATP. Vesicles are organelles that physically engulf large materials outside the cell to bring them inside, or they surround interior materials and then expel them.

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  • Q:

    What are the names of all the organelles?

    A:

    The organelles within a cell generally include the nucleus, ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum, cell membrane and cell wall. Also included are cytoskelteon, cytoplasm, Golgi apparatus, chloroplasts, and mitochondria; and also vacuoles, vesicles and lysosomes. Plants and animal cells are slightly different, with animal cells never containing chloroplasts or cell walls.

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  • Q:

    What are osteocyte organelles?

    A:

    Osteocytes, also known as bone cells, have all the organelles found in other eukaryotic cells, such as a nucleus, mitochondria, cell membrane and endoplasmic reticulum. The major difference is that bone cells do not divide or undergo mitosis.

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