What Is the Structure of Acetanilide?


Quick Answer

The molecular structure of acetanilide is C8H9NO. Acetanilide is a stable, though combustible, solid that commonly appears as a gray or white powder. It is also known as N-phenylacetamide, acetanil and Antifebrin.

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Full Answer

In the 19th century, acetanilide was used to synthesize dyes, rubbers and penicillin. It was also used to produce 4-acetamidobenzenesulfonyl chloride, which is a key compound for manufacturing sulfa drugs.

The experimental melting point of acetanilide ranges between 112 to 154 degrees Celsius, based on studies by Alfa Aesar, Jean-Claude Bradley, Oxford University and others. The experimental boiling point of acetanilide ranges between 304 and 305 degrees Celsius.

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