What is the structural formula of methanol?


Quick Answer

The structural formula of methanol is represented by one carbon atom bonded to one oxygen atom and three hydrogen atoms, with the oxygen atom bonded to another hydrogen atom. The carbon atom has zero lone pairs, while the oxygen atom has two lone pairs.

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Full Answer

Methanol is colorless, flammable, volatile and the simplest form of alcoholic derivatives. It is a toxic substance that should not be consumed, otherwise, ingesting methanol may result to blindness and serious impairment of the central nervous system.

Methanol has the chemical formula CH3OH, where the atoms are chemically joined through covalent bonding. Carbon creates four bonds, oxygen forms two bonds and hydrogen has one bond. A tetrahedral shape is formed around the carbon atom, while a bent structure is formed around the oxygen atom.

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