What stores and releases chemicals in a cell?


Quick Answer

The Golgi apparatus, found in the outer membrane of the cell, is responsible for the storage and release of specific chemicals in and from a cell. The chemicals it packages consist of proteins that are to be secreted or used later by the cell.

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Full Answer

The Golgi apparatus, also known as the Golgi body, is shaped like an array of flattened sacs. This organelle is directly responsible for the final processing of chemicals created inside of a cell into vesicles.

Vesicles, while sometimes occurring naturally as a part of a specific protein's synthesis, are often created by the Golgi body. These small organelles are the package containing the protein that is to be used later in some biological process, protecting the protein from reacting before it's needed.

The creation of vesicles by the biological processes in the body is vital for the equilibrium of all cells. When it becomes disrupted, serious medical conditions may occur, and this problem is suspected to be linked to diseases such as diabetes and some forms of cancer. These organelles are vital in the processes of the cells of both plants and animals, though they perform different functions. Some different kinds of vesicles include vacuoles, which mostly contain water, and lysosomes, which are responsible for the processes that allow a cell to eat.

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