What are some standard emergency evacuation procedures?


Quick Answer

Some standard emergency evacuation procedures include avoiding opening hot doors, moving to immediate safety and using a chain of command for decision making. Other standard evacuation procedures include accounting for evacuees, listening to authoritative personnel for instructions and designating assistance for the physically challenged.

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Full Answer

Moving to immediate safety includes using a vehicle, if necessary, to escape immediate danger. Common procedures are to use one vehicle per family in order to reduce congestion and to follow evacuation routes approved by authorities, in order to escape as quickly as possible. In addition to those with disabilities, standard evacuation procedures generally include a plan to help those who don't speak the local language to evacuate efficiently.

If the evacuation involves a fire, most procedures direct people to refrain from opening doors that are hot. Other fire-related evacuation procedures include only trying to extinguish flames if the person can do so directly in front of an exit and with the proper equipment. Sounding a fire alarm and calling 911 as soon as possible are other standard procedures for a fire. Common plans for a fire include closing doors while evacuating in order to stop the spread of flames.

Additional standard procedures for evacuation are walking rather than running and keeping noise minimal so that people can hear instructions from emergency personnel. Moving quickly away from dangerous buildings and taking care to avoid falling debris are also standard evacuation procedures. It's also typical to keep roadways clear for emergency personnel. When accounting for individuals after an emergency, it's common to designate a meeting place in order to easily identify missing people.

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