Spectroscopic notation is a common way of naming states in atomic physics. In essence, it is a shorthand method for specifying an element's electron configuration with reference to its total orbital angular momentum and orbital quantum number.
Continue ReadingThe general form of this type of notation is N2s+1Lj. In this notation, N refers to the principal quantum number. It is usually not included in the notation. S is the total spin number and refers to the number of spin states. L is the angular momentum in that particular orbit, while j refers to the angular momentum quantum number. It is important for all theoretical physicists to understand this notation, since it is central to defining most variables in quantum physics.
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