Gold at 25 degrees Celsius has a specific heat of 0.129 joules per gram per degree Celsius. Specific heat is the amount of heat energy needed to raise the temperature of one unit of mass by 1 degree Celsius.
The value of the specific heat of a material is given by the following formula: mass times the change in temperature divided by the heat added. This formula is valid as long as no phase changes, such as going from a liquid to a gas, occur. Gold's specific heat is lower than other common elements. For example, water has a specific heat of 4.186 joules per gram per degree Celsius, and 0.840 joules per gram per degree Celsius is the specific heat of glass.